It’s red poppy season here in Provence.
I love seeing their burst of color in the fields and along the roads I routinely travel. They typically bloom the month of May and start dwindling down come June. The red poppies grow best in recently disturbed dirt – such as fields harvested or plowed over. Being in Provence, that means pretty much everywhere!
Even Claude Monet loved poppies…
Les coquelicots (1873) – Claude Monet
Now one of the world’s most famous paintings, “Les Coquelicots” portrays a stroll through red poppy fields on a warm summer’s day. The sprinkling of red poppies are represented by simple blobs are red paint.
The “not so fun” significance of Red Poppies
Fields of fallen soldiers, once cleared, became fields of blood-red poppies…
Red Poppies are a lasting symbol of the carnage left after WWI and has come to represent the immeasurable sacrifices made by those who died in WWI and later conflicts. Flanders Fields is the area bordering the Belgian provinces of West and East Flanders and the French department of Nord-Pas-de-Calais.
In Flanders Fields by John McCrae (May 3, 1915) –
Written as a memorial while still at the battlefront in Ypres, Belgium after watching his friend Lieutenant Alexis Helmer, a young Canadian artillery officer, die from exploding German artillery shells.
It is said that if you pick Red Poppies, it rains the next day…
“Les Danseuse Coquelicot”
Also known as Madame Coquelicot (or poupée Coquelicot), red poppy flower dolls are the perfect nature craft for the little ones in your troupe…
Version 1 – Uses just a seed pod and a flower bud
- Take seed pod from a faded flower (A) and a poppy bud from its stalk (B).
- Tease out the green sepals (the cape) then tease out the red petals (the skirt).
- Trim the seed pod to make the head.
- Push the stalk of the bud (the neck) into this ‘head’ – and there you are!
Version 2 – Use the entire flower, and you can even leave it on the stem if you wish! Prevents useless flower murdering.
FYI – If you are wanting to bring home a bouquet, you must immediately after cutting stem burn the tip with a lighter to prevent the white fluid that fills the stem from exiting. Without the fluid to keep the stem full, the flowers quickly dip their heads.
Red Poppy Syrup
A few days ago, I saw a French chef making “Sirop de Coquelicot” (Red Poppy Syrup). This is a recipe that all of our French grandmothers used to make… Since I love unearthing lost bits of culinary history and testing out the recipes, I gave it a try! Another idea would be to make a “Gelée de Coquelicot” (Red Poppy Jelly) – transforms into a beautiful translucent color. Or for those that want to take the quick and easy route, pick and dry the petals for a red poppy petal tisane (herbal tea) that will help you slumber through the night with sweet dreams all night long…
Red Poppy Syrup can combined with sparkling water as an alternative to soft drinks, added to cocktails adding an interesting and unexpected flavor, or as a topping to ice cream. The flavor is mildly reminiscent of the wild strawberries found in forests.
Just to clarify, there are poppies that are opiates, and then poppies that are for consumption (like the lemon poppy-seed muffin that you ate this morning)… The Scarlet corn poppies (popaver rhoeas) that grow naturally around France have a long culinary and medicinal history.
Gathering Red Poppy Flowers
You will need a bag full of red poppy petals for the recipe. I made the mistake a waiting a little long in the season – the fields get plowed early June eliminating the most accessible flowers. Get picking early in the season, and early in the day!
You want bright red flowers, freshly bloomed. Pinch-off the petals only (figured that out after a bit), leaving the pod in place on the stem leaving seeds for next year’s crop. You will certainly have some of the black filaments with the petals, and that is just fine and actually beneficial health-wise.
Try not to crush the petals too much or they wilt and start to ferment. You should be able to gather enough in 30 minutes or so… After you get home, don’t rinse the petals! Instead spread out the petals on a white towels so the critters can scamper off (unless you like the extra protein).
If you were overly enthusiastic and have more petals than you really need, dry some to make Red Poppy Herbal tea. Toss a few petals into hot water and steep for 8 minutes. Served with a touch of honey, it is perfect taken right before bedtime for those suffering with insomnia. Can also be used after a long day of stress to calm and relieve anxiety.
3 simple ingredients, in equal quantities:
- 250gr red poppy petals
- 250gr granulated sugar
- 250ml water
Essentially you are making a flavored simple syrup, the amounts can be adjusted to the quantity of flowers picked (that’s what I did because my pickings were slim). A lightly packed cup of petals plus the same quantity in water and sugar.
- Boil the water and keep to a low simmer. Add handfuls of petals at a time, stirring continuously as they immediately melt into the hot water. Once all the petals have been added and melted down, simmer another couple of minutes and remove from heat. Cover and wait 2 to 24 hours.
- Strain the flower petal and flower mixture, tossing the used petals into the compost bin. Measure the remaining liquid.
- Add the liquid and an equal amount of granulated sugar to saucepan and boil. Reduce heat and simmer 5 minutes.
- Pour into clean boiled glass bottles and keep in refrigerator up to one month. Some people add the juice of one fresh lemon to help preserve the syrup, but it will alter the flavor somewhat. Others like to include a bit of Orange Flower water for extra flavoring.
- Delicious in a Kir with white wine instead of the usual Crème de Cassis.
Grandmother’s Home Remedies
Our French grandmothers also liked to make a Red Poppy Elixir (liqueur), claiming its medicinal properties for coughs. If you want to try it, instead of boiling water add your flower petals to equal amounts of vodka and let macerate in the dark for 2 weeks. Shake bottle daily, the petals will turn white and drain of all their color. Strain and add an equal amount of hot simple sugar before bottling. A large tablespoon should do it for your cough, or serve in small liqueur glasses. I can already hear grandmother’s fake cough in the background…
Red Poppy Selfies!
I had a “fun with poppies” session a couple of weeks ago taking some selfies. Figured that I’d better keep my Facebook Family happy with an update and a few smiling mug shots. The flowers make such a fun and lovely backdrop, if you visit France during the flowering season, make sure to do the same!
Can you say it?
Just saying the word “coquelicot”is fun! Coquelicot (kohk-li-koh ). Coquelicot, coquelicot, coquelicot…
Bet you can’t say it ten times in a row! Coquelicot, coquelicot, coquelicot, coquelicot, coquelicot, coquelicot, coquelicot, coquelicot, coquelicot, coquelicot…
-Girl Gone Gallic